Trigger Warnings Fail to Help and May Even Harm…


Research
….

Date: October 24, 2020

01) LINK

“A new study published in the journal Clinical Psychological Science shines additional light on this ongoing debate and finds that trigger warnings offer little to no help in avoiding painful memories and perhaps are even harmful for the survivors of past emotional trauma.

“Specifically, we found that trigger warnings did not help trauma survivors brace themselves to face potentially upsetting content,” said Payton Jones, a researcher at Harvard University and lead author on the study. “In some cases, they made things worse.”

Worryingly, the researchers discovered that trigger warnings seem to increase the extent to which people see trauma as central to their identity, which can worsen the impact of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the long run.

“Over the past decade, there has been extensive debate on the appropriateness of trigger warnings, particularly in academic environments, where they have been accused of promoting censorship,” Jones said. “Other critics have suggested the trigger warnings may create an unrealistic bubble, free from negative thoughts, which would not prepare students for life beyond academia.”

Whether trigger warnings are explicitly harmful was less clear, though Jones and his colleagues did find evidence that trigger warnings increased the belief that their trauma is an essential part of a survivor’s life story, which research has shown is countertherapeutic.

“I was surprised that something so small—a few trigger warnings in a short experiment—could influence the way someone views their trauma,” noted Jones. “In our culture, I think we overemphasize how important trauma should be in a person’s life. Trigger warnings are one example of this.”

02) Helping or Harming? The Effect of Trigger Warnings on Individuals With Trauma Histories

“Trigger warnings alert trauma survivors about potentially disturbing forthcoming content. However, empirical studies on trigger warnings suggest that they are functionally inert or cause small adverse side effects. We conducted a preregistered replication and extension of a previous experiment. Trauma survivors (N = 451) were randomly assigned to either receive or not to receive trigger warnings before reading passages from world literature. We found no evidence that trigger warnings were helpful for trauma survivors, for participants who self-reported a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis, or for participants who qualified for probable PTSD, even when survivors’ trauma matched the passages’ content. We found substantial evidence that trigger warnings countertherapeutically reinforce survivors’ view of their trauma as central to their identity. Regarding replication hypotheses, the evidence was either ambiguous or substantially favored the hypothesis that trigger warnings have no effect. In summary, we found that trigger warnings are not helpful for trauma survivors.”

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Bernie Sanders Lands a Job in the Joe Biden Administration?…


Date: October 23, 2020

01) LINK


“Will Bernie Sanders be Joe Biden’s Labor Secretary?

Sen. Bernie Sanders is hoping to be a part of Joe Biden’s potential administration and has expressed a particular interest in becoming Labor secretary, two people familiar with the conversations tell POLITICO.

“I can confirm he’s trying to figure out how to land that role or something like it,” said one person close to the Vermont senator. “He, personally, does have an interest in it.

Citation:
https://www.politico.com/news/2020/10/22/bernie-sanders-biden-labor-secretary-431266

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Giuliani Says UH-OH After Compromising Borat Video…


Date: October 23, 2020

01) LINK


“Trump’s personal lawyer, Rudy Giuliani fell for an embarrassing Sacha Baron Cohen prank in a soon-to-be-released movie sequel to ‘Borat’.

Rudy Giuliani, President Donald Trump’s personal lawyer, fell for an embarrassing Sacha Baron Cohen prank in the soon-to-be-released movie sequel to “Borat.”

In the film, a copy of which was obtained by NBC News, Giuliani and a fictional young female reporter, who was part of Cohen’s sting, can be seen going into a hotel bedroom for drinks — at the woman’s invitation — after completing what the former mayor apparently believed to be a real interview about the coronavirus pandemic and Trump’s response to the crisis.

The incident occurred as Giuliani, 76, was attempting to remove his microphone, with the help of the actress, that had been used as part of the movie’s “interview” with him.

Citation:
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/10/21/rudy-giuliani-caught-in-compromising-position-in-new-borat-film.html

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Lindsey Graham’s DESPERATE Attack on ActBlue…


Date: October 22, 2020

01) LINK


“Why Lindsey Graham is SUDDENLY worried about campaign finance.

Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.), who has seen a tsunami of Democratic small-dollar donations flood the South Carolina Senate race, says the sources of the massive amounts of money flowing through ActBlue and other groups need to be reviewed by policymakers.

Graham says that Congress has little idea who’s behind the huge inflows of money that have given his opponent, Jaime Harrison, and other Democratic challengers a major fundraising advantage over GOP incumbents in the final weeks of the campaign.

“Where’s all this money coming from ActBlue coming from? How easy would it be to just have a bunch of pre-paid credit cards?” he asked The Hill.

Citation:
https://thehill.com/homenews/senate/521989-graham-wants-to-review-actblues-source-of-small-dollar-contributions

Poor Flimsy Sham.

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